Comprehensive Medicinal Plant Database

Crude drug data list

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No. Latin name Crude drug name JP listed Original plant source of Crude drug Sample Genetical information Formula name
1 ACHYRANTHIS RADIX Achyranthes Root Achyranthes fauriei Lév. et Vaniot,Achyranthes bidentata Blume 7records
2 ACONITI RADIX Aconitie Root Aconitum carmichaeli Debeaux,Aconitum japonicum Thunb. 7records
3 AKEBIAE CAULIS Akebia Stem Akebia quinata Decne.,Akebia trifoliata Koidz. 16records
4 ALISMATIS RHIZOMA Alisma Rhizome Alisma orientale Juzepczuk 28records 39records
5 ALOE Aloe Aloe ferox Miller,Aloe africana Miller,Aloe spicata Baker
6 ALPINIAE OFFICINARI RHIZOMA Alpinia Officinarum Rhizome Alpinia officinarum Hance
7 AMOMI SEMEN Amomum Seed Amomum xanthioides
8 ANEMARRHENAE RHIZOMA Anemarrhena Rhizome Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge 17records
9 ANGELICAE DAHURICAE RADIX Angelica Dahurica Root Angelica dahurica (Fisch.) Benth. et Hook. fil. 17records
10 ANGELICAE RADIX Japanese Angelica root Angelica acutiloba Kitagawa,Angelica acutiloba var. sugiyamae Hikino 13records 41records
11 APILAC Royal Jelly Apis mellifera Linné,Apis cerana Fabricius
12 ARALIAE CORDATAE RHIZOMA Aralia Rhizome Aralia cordata Thunberg 4records
13 ARCTII FRUCTUS Burdock Fruit Arctium lappa Linné
14 ARECAE SEMEN Areca Areca catechu Linné
15 ARMENIACAE SEMEN Apricot Kernel Prunus armeniaca Linné,Prunus armeniaca Linné var. ansu Maximowicz,Prunus sibirica Linné 27records 5records
16 ARTEMISIAE CAPILLARIS FLOS Artemisia Capillaris Flower Artemisia capillaris Thunberg 1records
17 ARTEMISIAE CHING-HAO HERBA Artemisia annua L.
18 ARTEMISIAE FOLIUM Artemisia Leaf Artemisia princeps Pampanini,Artemisia montana Pampanini
19 ASIASARI RADIX Asiasarum Root Asiasarum sieboldii (Miq.) F. Maekawa = Asarum sieboldii Miq.,Asiasarum heterotropoides (F. Schmidt) F. Maekawa var. mandshuricum F. Maekawa  = Asarum heterotropoides F. Schmidt var. mandshuricum (Maxim.) Kitagawa 21records
20 ASINI CORII COLLAS Donkey Glue
21 ASPARAGI TUBER Asparagus Tuber 1records
22 ASTRAGALI RADIX Astragalus Root Astragalus membranaceus Bunge,Astragalus mongholicus Bunge 11records
23 ATRACTYLODIS LANCEAE RHIZOMA Atractylodes Lancea Rhizoma Atractylodes lancea De Candole 8records 11records
24 ATRACTYLODIS RHIZOMA Atractylodes Rhizome Atractylodes japonica Koidzumi ex Kitamura,Atractylodes ovata DC. 10records 5records
25 AURANTII FRUCTUS IMMATURUS Immature Orange Citrus aurantium Linné var. daidai Makino ,Citrus aurantium Linné ,Citrus natsudaidai Hayata 24records
26 AURANTII NOBILIS PERICARPIUM Citrus Unshiu Peel Citrus unshiu Marcowicz,Citrus reticulata Blanco 18records
27 AURANTII PERICARPIUM Bitter Orange Peel Citrus aurantium Linné ,Citrus aurantium Linné var. daidai Makino 1records
28 BELLADONNAE RADIX Belladonna Root Atropa belladonna Linné
29 BENINCASAE SEMEN Benincasa Seed 1records
30 BEZOAR BOVIS Oriental Bezoar
31 BUFONIS VENENUM Toad Venom Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor,Bufo melanostictus Schneider
32 BUPLEURI RADIX Bupleurum Root Bupleurum falcatum L. 10records 7records
33 CANNABIS FRUCTUS Cannabis Fruit Cannabis sativa L. 7records 9records
34 CAPSICI FRUCTUS Capsicum Capsicum annuum Linné
35 CARTHAMI FLOS Safflower Carthamus tinctorius L.
36 CASSIAE SEMEN Cassia Seed Cassia obtusifolia L. 1records
37 CATALPAE FRUCTUS Catalpa Fruit Catalpa ovata G. Don , Catalpa bungei C. A. Meyer
38 CHAMOMILLAE FLOS German Chamomile Matricaria chamomilla L.
39 CHRYSANTHEMI FLOS Chrysanthemum Flower Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramatulle,Chrysanthemum indicum Linné 12records
40 CIMICIFUGAE RHIZOMA Cimicifuga Rhizome Cimicifuga simplex Wormsk. 16records
41 CINNAMOMI CORTEX Cinnamon Bark Cinnamomum cassia Blume 17records 2records
42 CLEMATIDIS RADIX Clematis Root Clematis chinensis Osbeck,Clematis mandshurica Ruprecht,Clematis hexapetala Pallas 17records
43 CNIDII MONNIERIS FRUCTUS Cnidium Monnieri Fruit Cnidium monnieri Cusson 1records
44 CNIDII RHIZOMA Cnidium Rhizome Cnidium officinale Makino 9records 11records
45 COICIS SEMEN Coix Seed Coix lacryma-jobi L. var. ma-yuen Stapf 15records
46 COPTIDIS RHIZOMA Coptis Rhizome Coptis japonica Makino var. japonica Satake,Coptis japonica Makino var. dissecta Nakai,Coptis japonica Makino var. major Satake,Coptis teeta,Coptis chinensis,Coptis deltoidea 10records 11records
47 CORNI FRUCTUS Cornus Fruit Cornus officinalis Siebold et Zucc. 19records
48 CORYDALIS TUBER Corydalis Tuber Corydalis turtschaninovii Besser forma yanhusuo Y.H.Chou et C.C.Hsu 15records
49 CRATAEGI FRUCTUS Crataegus Fruit Crataegus cuneata Siebold et Zuccarini,Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge var. major N. E. Brown
50 CROCUS Saffron Crocus sativus Linne
51 CURCUMAE RHIZOMA Turmeric Curcuma longa L.
52 CYPERI RHIZOMA Cyperus Rhizome 1records
53 DIGENEA Digenea Digenea simplex C. Agardh
54 DIGITALIS Digitalis Leaf Digitalis purpurea L.
55 DIOSCOREAE RHIZOMA Dioscorea Rhizome Dioscorea japonica Thunb.,Dioscorea batatas Decne. 7records
56 DOLICHI SEMEN Dolichos Seed Dolichos lablab Linné 1records
57 ELEUTHEROCOCCI SENTICOSI RHIZOMA Eleutherococcus Senticosus Rhizome Eleutherococcus senticosus Maximowicz 2records
58 EPHEDRAE HERBA Ephedra Herb Ephedra intermedia Schrenk et C.A.May., Ephedra sinica Stapf, Ephedra equisetina Bunge 11records 13records
59 EPIMEDII HERBA Epimedium Herb Epimedium sagittatum (Siebold et Zucc.) Maxim.,Epimedium cremeum Nakai,Epimedium grandiflorum Morr. var. thunbergianum (Miq.) Nakai,Epimedium sempervirens Nakai
60 ERIOBOTRYAE FOLIUM Loquat Leaf Eriobotrya japonica Lindley
61 EVODIAE FRUCTUS Evodia Fruit Evodia rutaecarpa (Juss.) Benth. 11records
62 FEL URSI Bear Bile Ursus arctos Linné
63 FOENICULI FRUCTUS Fennel Foeniculum vulgar Miller 1records
64 FORSYTHIAE FRUCTUS Forsythia Fruit Forsythia suspensa Vahl,Forsythia viridissima Lindley 18records
65 FOSSILIA OSSIS MASTODI Longgu
66 FRITILLARIAE BULBUS Fritillaria Bulb Fritillaria verticillata Willd. var. thunbergii Baker 1records
67 FRUCTUS HORDEI GARMINATUS Malt Hordeum vulgare Linné
68 GARDENIAE FRUCTUS Gardenia Fruit Gardenia jasminoides Ellis 11records 30records
69 GASTRODIAE TUBER Gastrodia Tuber Gastrodia elata Blume 21records
70 GENTIANAE MACROPHYLLAE RADIX Gentiana Macrophylla Root 1records
71 GENTIANAE RADIX Gentian Gentiana lutea Linne
72 GENTIANAE SCABRAE RADIX Japanese Gentian Gentiana scabra Bunge,Gentiana manshurica Kitagawa,Gentiana triflora Pallas 13records
73 GERANII HERBA Geranium Herb Geranium thunbergii Siebold et Zuccarini
74 GINSENG RADIX Ginseng Panax ginseng C. A. Mey. 16records 42records
75 GINSENG RADIX RUBRA Red Ginseng Panax ginseng C. A. Mey. 12records
76 GLYCYRRHIZAE RADIX Glycyrrhiza Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisher,Glycyrrhiza glabra Linne 18records 22records
77 GLYCYRRHIZAE RADIX PRAEPARATA Prepared Glycyrrhiza 7records
78 GUMMI ARABICUM Acacia Acacia senegal Willdenow
79 GYPSUM FIBROSUM Gypsum
80 HOUTTUYNIAE HERBA Houttuynia Herb Houttuynia cordata Thunb.
81 HYDRANGEAE DULCIS FOLIUM Sweet Hydrangea Leaf Hydrangea macrophylla (Thunb.) Ser. var. thunbergii (Siebold) Makino
82 IPECACUANHAE RADIX Ipecacuanha Cephaelis ipecacuanha (Brot.) A. Rich.
83 KASSEKI Aluminum Silicate Hydrate with Silicon Dioxide
84 KOI Koi Zea mays Linné ,Manihot esculenta Crantz,Solanum tuberosum Linné,Ipomoea batatas Poiret,Oryza sativa Linné
85 LEONURI HERBA Leonurus Herb Leonurus japonicus Houttuyn,Leonurus sibiricus Linné 21records
86 LILII BULBUS Lilium Bulb Lilium lancifolium Thunberg,,Lilium brownii F. E. Brown var. colchesteri Wilson,Lilium brownii F. E. Brown,Lilium pumilum De Candolle
87 LINDERAE RADIX Lindera Root Lindera strychnifolia (Siebold et Zucc.) F. Vill. 1records
88 LITHOSPERMI RADIX Lithospermum Root Lithospermum erythrorhizon Siebold et Zucc. 17records
89 LONGAN ARILLUS Longan Aril Euphoria longana Lamarck 17records
90 LONICERAE FOLIUM CUM CAULIS Lonicera Leaf and Stem Lonicera japonica Thunberg 1records
91 LYCII CORTEX Lycium Bark 1records
92 LYCII FRUCTUS Lycium Fruit Lycium chinense Mill. 1records
93 MAGNOLIAE CORTEX Magnolia Bark Magnolia obovata Thunb. 50records
94 MAGNOLIAE FLOS Magnolia Flower Magnolia salicifolia Maximowicz,Magnolia biondii Pampanini,Magnolia sprengeri Pampanini,Magnolia heptapeta Dandy (Magnolia denudata Desrousseaux) 24records 3records
95 MALLOTI CORTEX Mallotus Bark Mallotus japonicus (Thunb.) Müll. Arg. 1records
96 MENTHAE HERBA Mentha Herb,Japanese Mint Mentha arvensis Linné var. piperascens Malinvaud 15records
97 MOUTAN CORTEX Moutan Bark Paeonia suffruticosa Andrews 20records 22records
98 MYRISTICAE SEMEN Nutmeg Myristica fragrans Houttuyn
99 NOTOPTERYGII RHIZOMA Notopterygium Notopterygium incisum Ting ex H. T. Chang,Notopterygium forbesii Boissieu 10records
100 OPHIOPOGONIS TUBER Ophiopogon Tuber Ophiopogon japonicus Ker-Gawler 20records
101 OPIUM Opium Papaver somniferum L.
102 ORYZAE FRUCTUS Brown Rice Oryza sativa Linné
103 OSTREAE TESTA Oyster Shell
104 PAEONIAE RADIX Paony Root Paeonia lactiflora Pallas 16records 22records
105 PANACIS JAPONICI RHIZOMA Panax Rhizome Panax japonicus C. A. Mey. 1records
106 PATRINIAE RADIX Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch.
107 PERILLAE HERVA Perilla Herb Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton var. acuta Kudo 5records
108 PERSICAE SEMEN Peach Kernel Prunus persica Batsch,Prunus persica Batsch var. davidiana Maximowicz 15records
109 PEUCEDANI RADIX Peucedanum Root Peucedanum praeruptorum Dunn,Angelica decursiva Franchet et Savatier (Peucedanum decursivum Maximowicz) 1records
110 PHARBITIDIS SEMEN Pharbitis Seed Pharbitis nil Choisy
111 PHELLODENDRI CORTEX Phellodendron Bark Phellodendron amurense Ruprecht 23records 9records
112 PICRASMAE LIGNUM Picrasma Wood Picrasma quassioides (D. Don) Benn.
113 PINELLIAE TUBER Pinellia Tuber Pinellia ternata Breitenb. 21records
114 Plantago Seed Plantago Seed ,Plantaginis Semen Plantago asiatica L. 7records 19records
115 PLATYCODI RADIX Platycodon Root Platycodon glandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC. 18records
116 PLECTRANTHI HERBA Plectoranthus Herb Plectranthus japonicus (Burm. fil.) Koidzumi,Isodon trichocarpus Kudo
117 POGOSTEMONI HERBA Pogostemon Herb Pogostemon cablin Bentham 1records
118 POLYGALAE RADIX Polygala Root Polygala tenuifolia Willdenow 9records
119 POLYGONATI RHIZOMA Polygonatum Rhizome 1records
120 POLYGONI MULTIFLORI RADIX Polygonum Root Polygonum multiflorum Thunberg 1records
121 POLYPORUS Polyporus Sclerotium Polyporus umbellatus Fries 23records
122 PORIA Poria Sclerotium Poria cocos Wolf 11records
123 PRUNELLAE SPICA Prunella Spike Prunella vulgaris L. var. lilacina (Nakai) Nakai 1records
124 PRUNI CORTEX Cherry Bark Prunus jamasakura Siebold ex Koidzumi,Prunus verecunda Koehne
125 PUERARIAE RADIX Pueraria Root Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi 25records 53records
126 QUERCUS CORTEX Quercus Bark Quercus acutissima Carruthers,Quercus serrata Murray,Quercus mongolica Fischer ex Ledebour var. crispula Ohashi,Quercus variabilis Blume 3records
127 RAUWOLFIAE RADIX Rauwolfia Root Rauwolfia serpentina Benth. ex Kurz
128 REHMANNIAE RADIX Rehmannia Root Rehmannia glutiosa Libosch. var. purpurea Makino,Rehmannia glutiosa Libosch. f. hueichingensis (Chao et Schih) Hsiao 11records 24records
129 RHEI RHIZOMA Rhubarb Rheum palmatum Linne 9records 3records
130 SAPOSHNIKOVIAE RADIX Saposhnikovia Root Saposhnikovia divaricata Schischkin 15records
131 SAUSSUREAE RADIX Saussurea Root Saussurea lappa Clarke 11records
132 SCHISANDRAE FRUITS Scisandra Fruit Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. 15records
133 SCHIZONEPETAE SPICA Schizonepeta Spike Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq. 10records
134 SCOPOLIAE RHIZOMA Scopolia Rhizome Scopolia japonica Maxim.
135 SCUTELLARIAE RADIX Scutellaria Root Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi 33records 81records
136 SENEGAEA RADIX Senega Polygala senega L. var. latifolia Torr. et A. Gray
137 SENNAE FOLIUM Senna Leaf Cassia angustifolia Vahl
138 SESAMI SEMEN Sesame Sesamum indicum Linné
139 SINOMENI CAULIS ET RHIZOMA Sinomenium Stem Sinomenium acutum Rehder et Wilson 31records 2records
140 SMILACIS RHIZOMA Smilax Rhizome 1records
141 SOPHORAE RADIX Sophora Root Sophora flavescens Aiton 1records
142 SWERTIAE HERBA Swertia Herb Swertia japonica Makino
143 TRIBULI FRUCTUS Tribulus Fruit Tribulus terrestris Linné 1records
144 TRICHOSANTHIS SEMEN Trichosanthes Seed Trichosanthes bracteata (Lam.) Voigt
145 UNCARIAE UNCIS CAM RAMLUS Uncaria Thorn Uncaria rhynchophylla (Miq.) Miq. 18records
146 UVAE URSI FOLIUM Bearberry leaf Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Linne) Sprengel
147 VALERIANAE RADIX Japanese Valerian Valeriana fauriei Briquet
148 ZANTHOXYLI FRUCTUS Zanthoxylum Fruit Zanthoxylum piperitum (L.) DC. 44records
149 ZEDOARIAE RHIZOMA Zedoary Curcuma zedoaria (Christ.) Roscoe
150 ZINGIBERIS PROCESSUM RHIZOMA Processed Ginger Zingiber officinale Roscoe 17records
151 ZINGIBERIS RHIZOMA Ginger Zingiber officinale Roscoe 11records 24records
152 ZIZYPHI FRUCTUS Jujube Zizyphus jujuba Miller var. inermis Rehder 15records
153 ZIZYPHI SEMEN Jujube Seed Zizyphus jujuba Miller var. spinosa Hu ex H. F. Chou 13records
154 Glechoma Herb Glechoma hederacea Linn. subsp. grandis (A. Gray) Hara
155
156
157 15records
*non-JP : non-JP Crude drug standards